--What We've Learned Section--
This page contains the article TACTILE MODELING.
Demonstration of an activity by having the child (observer) feel the demonstrators actions by touching parts of the body or objects involved in the action. A means of demonstrating something to a child who is totally blind.
To convey information about an activity or action to a child who has severe visual impairments in a way that the child can perceive it tactilely and imitate it, if appropriate.
Tactile Modeling represents a synthesis of information from Project SALUTEs focus groups, National Advisory Committee, staff activities, and a review of relevant literature such as the following bibliography.
Chen, D. (1999). Beginning communication with infants. In D. Chen (Ed.). Essential elements in early intervention. Visual impairments and multiple disabilities (pp. 337-377). New York: AFB Press.
Marks, S.B. (1998). Understanding and preventing learned helplessness in children who are congenitally deaf-blind. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 9, (30), 200-211.
Miles, B. (1997). The hands of a person who is deaf-blind: Tools, sensory organs, voice. Proceedings of the National Conference on Deaf-blindness: The Individual in a Changing Society (pp. 541-557), Washington, D.C.
Miles, B. (May, 1999). Talking the language of the hands to the hands. Monmouth, OR: Deaf-Blind Link, The National Information Clearinghouse on Children who are Deaf-Blind.
Smith, M. (1998). Feelingroovy: Functional tactual skills.[On-line] www.tsbvi.edu/Outreach/seehear/summer98/groovy.htm.
Visually Impaired Preschool Services (1996). Hands on experience: Tactual learning skills. Can Do! Series [Video]. Louisville, KY: Author.
SALUTE is a model demonstration project funded by the U.S. Department of Education grant #H324T990025 to California State University, Northridge from September 1, 1999 to August 30, 2004.